In the mid 1700's the City of Pompeii, destroyed by the volcanic eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD, was discovered. The excavation of the city by archeologists fueled artists fascination and curiosity about the ancient art techniques and they began to use this knowledge in their works, thus the Neo-Classical age was born.
As the name suggests, Neo-Classical art was a return to the classical art techniques from Greek and Roman art that were then perfected in the Renaissance period. The Neo-Classical art movement was widespread, especially in America where art and architecture were already heavily influenced by Greek and Roman styles.
Did you know?
Many Neo-Classical artists believed that Greek art was about as close to perfection as you could get. In turn, Neo-Classical artists were obsessed with making the surface of their work perfectly smooth. The goal was to show no evidence of brush-strokes discernible to the naked eye.
CHARACTERISTICS & INFLUENCES
Below is some basic information on Neo-Classical Art and its characteristics and influences. If you would like to print off a copy of this page along with samples of art from this period, you can download the Neo-classical summary above.
Greatly influenced by a revival of interest in classical Greek and Roman art
Gained popularity as a reaction against the ostentation of Baroque and
the lightheartedness of Rococo
Characteristics and/or Types of Art:
Simple images in classic form
Calm poses and distinct outlines
Age of Enlightenment
Excavation of Pompeii and Herculaneum
Death of Socrates for Louis-David: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:David_-_The_Death_of_Socrates.jpg
Maria Luisa of Parma: Mengs: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mengs_-_Maria_Luisa_of_Parma,_Prado.jpg